Pojęcie gospodarki w obiegu zamkniętym

Paweł Bartoszczuk

SGH Warsaw School of Economics, Institute of Enterprise, 162 Niepodległości Ave, 02-554 Warsaw, Poland

e-mail: pbarto1@sgh.waw.pl

ORCID: 0000-0002-2208-5960

Słowa kluczowe:
gospodarka o obiegu zamkniętym, kraje Europy Środkowej, innowacje, produkcja odpadów, recykling.

Streszczenie

otrzymano: 26.04.2021
poprawiono: 07.05.2021
zaakceptowano: 21.05.2021

Wobec ograniczonych zasobów przyrodniczych wdrożenie gospodarki o  obiegu zamkniętym wydaje się bardzo pilne. W artykule, korzystając z danych z krajów Europy Środkowej, pokazano niektóre wskaźniki gospodarki o obiegu zamkniętym. Badanie przeprowadzone przez POLITICO ujawniło, że liderami cyrkularności w  Europie są kraje Europy Zachodniej. Wbrew oczekiwaniom liderami, jeśli chodzi o małą produkcję odpadów, były Polska, Czechy i inne kraje z Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej. W  tym regionie istnieje jednak kilka głównych barier dla gospodarki o  obiegu zamkniętym, w tym: ograniczony dostęp do kapitału, brak badań, sztywne praktyki zamówień publicznych, które czynią innowacyjne technologie nieatrakcyjnymi, oraz brak świadomości.

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